List at least four local hemostatic agents and dressings for controlling localized bleeding in a patient with cancer. List at least four systemic therapies for controlling bleeding in a patient with advanced cancer. Describe a decision-making process related to managing bleeding in an end-of-life cancer patient.
Normally, if you cut yourself or get hurt, your body forms a blood clot to stop you from bleeding. Blood clots are formed by platelets, a kind of blood cell, and special proteins called clotting factors. A bruise is a mark on your skin caused by blood trapped under the surface.
About 5 percent of women who seek treatment for breast-related symptoms go to the doctor because of abnormal nipple discharge. Keep reading to learn more about what may be causing your nipples to bleed, what you can do to find relief, and when to see your doctor. For first-time moms, breastfeeding can take some time to master.
Lisabetta Divita is a physician whose love for writing flourished while she was exposed to all facets of the medical field during her training. Her writings are currently featured in prominent medical magazines and various online publications. She holds a doctorate in medicine, a master's in biomedicine, and a Bachelor of Science in biology from Boston College. The Mayo Clinic says that nipple discharge refers to fluid that is emitted from the breasts of women who are not breastfeeding.
Some problems are related to lactation. Others are not. This normal process of dilation of the milk gland is called ectasia.
Breast cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in the breast. See also Overview of Breast Disorders. Breast cysts are common.
Blood in breast milk is a common breastfeeding problem. It's something that most women typically don't notice unless they're pumping, their child spits up a bit of blood-tinged milk, or they see a little blood in their baby's bowel movements. And, while it can be scary when you first come across it, there's likely no need to worry. Blood in your breast milk isn't usually a serious medical problem.
Nipple discharge is a normal part of breast function during pregnancy or breast-feeding. It also may be associated with menstrual hormone changes and fibrocystic changes. The milky discharge after breast-feeding will normally affect both breasts and can continue for up to two or three years after stopping nursing.