Diabetes affects people from all walks of life - from the very young to the very old - and is now considered an epidemic by the World Health Organisation WHO. Diabetes occurs when the sugar glucose level in the blood is too high. This happens when the body is not burning up carbohydrates properly due to a defect in the pancreas, the gland that produces insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is much less common than type 2 diabetes and typically arises in children. In the United States, the peak age at diagnosis is most often around 14 years old. It is not known why, but the pancreatic islet cells stop producing insulin in the quantities needed to maintain a normal blood glucose level.
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Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugarlevels are too high. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood.
Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. Many people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms, and if they do occur they often have a gradual onset.
Type 2 diabetes T2Dformerly known as adult-onset diabetesis a form of diabetes that is characterized by high blood sugarinsulin resistanceand relative lack of insulin. The classic symptoms of diabetes are polyuria frequent urinationpolydipsia increased thirstpolyphagia increased hungerand weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy.
Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. There are 3. That's more than one in 16 people in the UK who has diabetes diagnosed or undiagnosed. This figure has nearly trebled sincewhen there were 1.
Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar due to problems processing or producing insulin. Diabetes can affect people of any age, race, or sex. It can affect people with any lifestyle.